Expected skills of 5 to 7 year old children in different fields of study

Language, Communication and Literacy

  • expresses himself/herself fluently in speech;
  • speaks with clear and clean enunciation;
  • uses right tenses and grammar in speech;
  • hears and names the initial and final sounds of words;
  • listens to reading and answers to the questions asked;
  • understands and follows orders and tasks given by an adult;
  • speaks about himself/herself, events, common fairy-tales and retells on the basis of a picture;
  • compiles short tales;
  • recites poems by heart;
  • uses antonyms and synonyms in speech;
  • understands riddles;
  • knows and writes all capital letters;
  • names some written letters;
  • can read easy words;
  • understands the meaning of words read;
  • gets acquainted with end marks and their meaning.

Mathematical Development

  • counts numbers from 1 to 12 forwards and backwards;
  • writes numbers;
  • ascertains the number of items by counting them;
  • counts by glance up to four items;
  • compiles a mathematical tale;
  • adds and subtracts up to 10;
  • uses sings such as +, -, = when compiling operations;  
  • understands relations of sequence between numbers: bigger, smaller, preceding, following;
  • measures length of items (by a stick, string, ruler, etc.) ;
  • knows units of measure such as centimetre, metre, kilometre, litre, gram, kilogram, kroon, cent, hour, minute, second, and knows how they are used in everyday life;
  • expresses the result of measuring by numbers;
  • ranks and groups items and phenomena according to their size, position and time;
  • determines his/her location in relation to items surrounding him/her;
  • identifies time on watch by full and half hours;
  • compiles an equal quantum on the basis of one-to-one conformity;
  • compares two groups of items by forming pairs, and restores the group after the rearrangement of items;
  • identifies the quantum of items according to its character and distributes items on the basis of three different features;
  • perceives integrity and the relation between things;
  • knows and can describe geometric figures such as a circle, oval, cube, rectangle, triangle, sphere, cube,   tetrahedron.

Environment and Science / Knowledge and Understanding of the World

  • introduces and describes himself/herself, his/her appearance, characteristics, interests, etc.;
  • describes his/her home, family, family traditions;
  • knows different occupations and professions;
  • knows that people differ from each other;
  • differentiates in everyday life what is healthy and what is not;
  • is considerate about the environment and acts in a sustainable manner;   
  • describes the surrounding nature, most common plants and animals;
  • describes nature and people’s actions in different periods: fortnight, week, year;
  • explains why the light, temperature, water, earth and air are important for plants, animals and people;
  • explains the dependence of weather phenomena on seasons and the rotation of day and night;
  • understands and notices the effect of his/her and other people’s actions on the environment;
  • knows how to move safely in the street;
  • describes possible threats at home, on a body of water, in traffic.

Art / Creative Development


  • cuts with scissors along the curve;
  • tears more complex figures and can lay a mosaic;
  • makes rhythmic patterns;
  • moulds complex figures from clay, plasticine and snow;
  • links and stretches details when moulding;
  • can paint with the top of a brush;
  • can mix paints and make them darker and lighter;
  • is proficient in printing different techniques (e.g. potato, slab, tile, thread, bullet and natural print);
  • draws humans and animals in movement and surrounding items;
  • makes things from natural and residue material, paper and cartoon;
  • is proficient in simple handicraft such as sowing a button;
  • folds paper.


  • sings songs by heart
  • performs songs expressively;
  • keeps rhythm when singing and moving;
  • adjusts his/her movement and gestures with those of others;
  • adjusts the rhythm of his/her movement and gestures with the required rhythm;
  • can use dance steps such as chassé,  polka, step aside, sliding step,  spraddle jump when dancing;
  • dances alone, in pair and in a group;
  • moves freely within the whole room according to instructions;
  • uses different devices to exercise  (ball, hoop, ribbon, stick, etc.);
  • knows and names percussion, string and brass instruments;
  • performs different musical genres such as march, dance tune, lullaby.

Physical Development

  • has a good posture when moving and sitting;
  • moves rhythmically and lightly;
  • reacts quickly to the change of tempo;
  • moves freely within the whole room;
  • performs exercises technically correctly;
  • respects and follows rules of games.

 (<=  go to age 3-4) 


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